Chemists have recently announced the names of the 4 additional new elements that will complete the periodic table as they were first recognized back in December 2015.
The periodic table of elements was first established in 1869 by Dmitri Mendeleev. The tabular arrangement places the elements according to their atomic number, electron configuration, and chemical properties.
As the first 94 are natural elements, all the elements have been broken up into groups of similar elements.
The four new elements to be added to the periodic table will be part of the superheavy elements category.
As they were synthesized by scientists in between 2002 up to 2012, the elements will also be able to quickly break into lighter ones.
The elements, which were developed by American, Russian, and Japanese teams of scientists were recognized by the IUPAC and the IUAPAP in late December 2015.
The IUPAC or the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the IUAPAP or the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics gave the four temporary names.
As the four new elements awaited the approval of their June submitted names, they were called ununoctium (118), ununseptium (117), ununpentium (115), and ununtrium (113).
With the five months waiting period finally over, the elements will be receiving their official names. As of now, they are also ready to complete the seventh row of the periodic table.
The new elements will be named, from 113 to 118 as follows: Nihonium (Nh), Moscovium (Mc), Tennessine (Ts), and Oganesson (Og).
Element 113 was named by the team of RIKEN Japanese chemists as the name comes from “Nihon”, the Japanese version of Japan.
Element 115, one of the Russian Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia chemists’ achievements was named after the Russian capital, Moscow.
As element 118, Oganesson was created in a collaboration between Russian and American chemists, its name comes to honor Yuri Oganessian.
Oganessian is a Russian-born nuclear physicist that helped and discovered the heaviest element of the periodic table, named flerovium.
The element was created by the collaboration between the aforementioned Russian Dubna-based Institute and the California-based Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.
Element 117 was created by a team of American scientists from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The team also took part in the creation of element 115. Tennessine, which was their element and was named after Tennessee, their home state.
Besides being the last elements to be added to the seventh row of the periodic table, as it has now been completed, they are also the first new elements to be added since 2011.
The only factor to have stood in the way of the new elements and their future, prominent future was their lack of names.
As the team was given until June to pick them out, the IUPAC announced that a number of sources of inspiration were readily available.
These included known minerals, properties, mythological concepts, or scientists and places, which seems to have mostly been the case.
Although the decision upon a name may not, at a first glance, seem to be such an issue, the matter is quite serious.
Nihonium, Moscovium, Tennessine, and Oganesson will come to be learned, studied, and experimented upon by children, students, and scholars from all over the globe.
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