Recent studies conducted in the US and the UK have raised a Zika alarm signal. Around 1.65 million pregnant women in Central and South America are at high risk for infection, by the end of this widespread epidemic
Experts from the University of Southampton, Notre Dame, and Oxford revealed that 90 million potential infections could appear from the initial stages of the Zika virus.
The computer models show that women who are pregnant in Brazil could have the largest number of infections. This is because the country’s size and warm climate, which make it an ideal home for the Zika-bearing mosquitoes.
The estimates are dire, especially for warmer countries. Professor Andrew Tatem from the University of Southampton believes that making predictions as to how many pregnant women may be in danger of getting infected with Zika is hazardous because many of the cases show no symptoms.
Approximately 80 percent of Zika infections do not have symptoms. This is why the data used in the study is not completely reliable. It is just an estimate.
United States health providers are also on the look-out for Zika. They are advising doctors to ask all pregnant women about the possibility of a Zika infection, during check-ups.
To date, there have not been confirmations of mosquito-born Zika virus in America. However, officials believe mosquitoes are likely to spread it in the South.
All the cases reported in America have been linked to people traveling to areas which experience Zika outbreaks.
This virus spread through mosquito bites, but it can also be spread through sexual contact. If a fetus becomes infected, it can result in birth defects.
Colombia has reported that the epidemic of the Zika virus is officially over, ten months after the mosquito-transmitted disease first appeared in the nation.
The disease has infected 100,000 citizens of Colombia and led to 21 microcephaly cases. Experts believe it will take another two or three years for the epidemic to be over completely.
Brazil was the hardest hit by this year’s outbreak, with over 1,600 cases of microcephaly which are believed to be related to Zika infections. Normally, there were about 140 cases a year.
Currently, ZIka hasn’t got a treatment. It is closely related to dengue fever. It causes a rash, irritated eyes, and mild fever. Scientists are very serious about the Zika warning signal.
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