An 8,000-year-old figurine tells the story of what life was like in the world’s oldest city. The site is now on Turkish territory and was declared part of the UNESCO heritage. The site lies in the central Turkish province of Konya.
The statue represents a large woman. It could be a representation of a ‘fertility deity’ or an old woman who had a high social position.
The 8,000 years old figurine is part of a collection of statuettes of the time, and it is the only one found in one piece.
By 2009, archaeologists recovered 2,000 figurines at the site in Catalhoyuk, Turkey. The statue measures 7 inches in height and weighs 2.2 pounds. It is the largest figurine in the collection.
Archaeologists and historians believe the figurines were crafted by Neolithic farmers. The city and figurines were found to be older than Stonehenge and older than the pyramids. The statuettes resemble tiny animals like sheep or cattle and curvy people.
Another unique detail of this newly found statue is that it is carved from stone, instead of clay, which is the main material of the other smaller statues.
It is in great condition and looks whole, which sets it apart from its smaller counterparts.
Experts believe that these small figurines are representations of animals which people of the time raised.
The site of Catalhoyuk is famous because it is considered to be the first city in the world. It was built around 7,000 B.C. and it housed 5,000. The buildings were built close to one another. Inhabitants used ladders to climb to the roof of their homes.
The citizens of the small urban area were mostly farmers. They raised cattle for meat and milk and did selective breeding in plants.
Sometimes they would put the horns from cattle into the walls of their houses.
The town also boasts the oldest mural collection on plastered walls.
Another important detail is that this town had no hierarchy. All the houses looked the same. There were no temples, priest houses or public spaces. The dead would be buried beneath the house, instead of using a cemetery.
This led many researchers to think this was an equal society. The town thrived for 2,000 years.
Image Source – Wikipedia