The Rise of Quantum Computers

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Quantum computers are much more powerful, but they are not stable.

Geeks everywhere prepare yourselves because: the rise of quantum computers is here. The supercomputer be a lot faster than the traditional one you own and it will also be able to work with thousands of variables at the same time.

After decades of research, work and talk, IBM has finally received the support of the U.S. intelligence agencies to create a quantum hardware, the next logical step when it comes to computer technology. The U.S. government will provide a multi-year funding grant, making the continuance of IBM’s research possible.

If you can’t imagine what a supercomputer will do then let me explain it to you. Let’s go to the traditional computers first. These computers are made of billions of tiny transistors. When it comes to quantum computers a transistor consists of a single atom and they allow the computer to perform multiple calculations at once. In the traditional design the bits represent a 0 to 1, whereas with quantum computers the atoms represent a 0,1 or an incredible position of 0 and 1 at the same time, meaning that three quantum bits will have eight values simultaneously.

Even though it is a great improvement, there is also a big problem, these qubits being less stable than the traditional bits. All the pieces need to be isolated in machines that cool them to almost absolute zero, in order to work properly. We should also take note of the fact that if the qubits are not held in proper conditions the computer will end up in displaying multiple errors. Don’t worry though, IBM is currently trying to figure out a way to correct these quantum errors.

The main reason why IARPA is interested in quantum computing is because of its huge impact on encryption and security. With the help of these computers the government will be able to break any digital encryption or to create its own unbreakable encryptions. The computer will also be helpful with the air traffic control and with the molecular modeling.

It appears that IBM wasn’t the only one trying to develop a supercomputer. Google has also hired researchers to develop a quantum computer, making the competition stiffer than ever.

Image source: www.h11dfs.com

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