Teen birth rates hit record low, according to a new government data. The preliminary figures come from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and they were released on Thursday. According to the report, the teen birthrate has decreased to 22.3 births per 1,000 teens in 2015.
In the 15-17 age group, the birthrate has seen a decrease from 11 births per 1,000 teens back in 2014 to 10 births per 1,000 teens in 2015. Among the 18 and 19-year-olds, the difference is more significant. The birthrate decreased to 41 births per 1,000 teens in 2015 as opposed to 44 births per 1,000 teens in 2014.
There are several answers for why teen birth rates hit record low yet again. Healthcare providers and educators are making it easier for teens to gain access to contraception. Education on this subject is also improved. If experts continue to use these approaches, which have proven to be so effective, the rates should continue to decline.
Researchers also note that the easier to use contraceptive methods have been very beneficial. These forms of contraception include intrauterine devices, hormone injections, and lower-dose birth control pills.
As for education, a practical approach was turning the teenagers’ attention to the physical effects that pregnancy has on a growing teen. For example, teenage girls show decreased levels of nutrients, such as calcium and iron. These are diverted to the fetus, and no longer supplied to meet all the growing teens’ needs. The higher than usual levels of progesterone and estrogen during pregnancy can also have negative effects on the teens.
Teen pregnancy can also contribute to lower education achievement and poverty. Only four out of ten girls who give birth while in high school go on to graduate. According to a report published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, the US had the highest rate of teen pregnancy in all 21 countries with complete statistics.
Overall, US women gave birth to 3.98 babies in 2015, just a few less than the year before. The overall birthrate was 62.5 birth per 1,000 women.
The report also shows the increasing trend of giving birth later in life. Mothers in their 30s saw yet another increase in birthrates in 2015, with a total of 1,093,898 births. This means 101 births per 1,000 women. The birthrate for the 40 to 44-year-olds showed a 4 percent boost last year.
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