Scientists made an interesting discovery while trying to disclose the mystery around the formation of the Moon. While looking for clear empirical evidence to support the many claims available on the subject, they found that the conditions created by humanity’s first nuclear explosion are strikingly similar to the process of Moon formation.
So far, the main hypothesis around the Moon formation is the violent collision between Earth and a celestial body the size of Mars called Theia. Many scientists agree upon this, but in order to prove that this is the exact way in which the Moon was formed, they need palpable evidence.
The main problem with this is Theia. The hypothesis suggests that it slammed so hard into the Earth that it either burst into smaller pieces that gathered and formed the Moon or it mixed with the geology of the Earth which later blasted into space and formed the Moon.
One of the most important elements that can bring us closer to the evidence are volatiles. These are organic chemicals that have a low boiling point. They are thought to have evaporated from the early Moon in higher quantities as a consequence of the collision.
The assumption of the evaporation is based on the fact that the Moon has incredibly low levels of volatiles today (zinc and water, for example), while Earth has way more. This could be proven by a mighty explosion. Don’t worry, the scientists will not try to bomb anything, since humans have already did that.
The researchers can use Trinity – that is the code name for the first denotation of a nuclear weapon ever. The first plutonium bomb was detonated in New Mexico in 1945. They looked at the remnants of the test site in the hope of finding evidence that could reflect the theory of the Moon formation.
The sand around the explosion melted into a radioactive glass called trinitite. The scientists collected samples from it to see how big was the quantity of volatiles lost in the explosion. They found that the zinc ratios in the trinitite samples was incredibly similar to those found in the Moon rocks.
Thus, now they have the experimental evidence in support of the Moon formation theory. The parameters from the nuclear site that are matched perfectly with those of the Moon prove that it formed after a great explosion.
Image Source: Public Domain Pictures