The issues of the melting Arctic Ice is not a new one, with debates about the area’s melting ice and the greenhouse effect being an international problem, but never before has it been so easily observable or relevant. With the Arctic’s Sea Ice disappearing at a pace no scientist could have predicted, the changes that will be brought forth by this issue are more relevant and evident than ever.
With the world temperature getting higher every year (it is believed that 2016 will be the hottest year recorded by modern-day measurements) the Arctic area has entered a warming process that registers an even higher rate than the estimated world average, up to almost twice the speed.
Research has revealed that the Arctic autumn freeze-up is constantly delaying its appearance every decade whilst the spring melting makes an earlier appearance each and every one and, even in these conditions, this year’s highest Arctic sea water levels are the lowest ever registered. Even during its highest peak in the melting periods of the seasons, the Arctic sea’s spread is 40 percent narrower than it was in the late 70’s.
Besides the already visible result of its diminished dimensions, the new size of the Arctic sea and the melting Arctic ice put both humans and the local fauna and flora in danger. As polar bears and penguins have already been affected by their ever smaller habitat and are in danger of extinction, humans are on a close path when it comes to climate system problems.
As the ice reduces and the temperature rises, a new environment is starting to shape up in the Arctic regions with an increasing mountain area and ever growing tree lines. These will cause changes in the local wildlife, as even birds are starting to be affected and local fishery numbers are dwindling.
Even worse, a complete melting of the area’s frozen permafrost could release into the atmosphere large deposits of greenhouse gases. The quantity, that has been safely stored for all these years, is predicted to have a large-spread effect on our climate.
As the never before encountered problem of the melting Arctic ice is increasing, our only solution at the moment seems to be the setting up of an Arctic observatory that would directly study and hopefully be able to react to the climate change. Even so, scientists are less than optimistic and warn that Earth will bear a different face in the near future.
Image Source: Pexels