The coming of spring make many people happy, but there are also those who dread the blooming of trees. Pollen is the main cause of spring allergies, which darken our sunny days with sneezes, itchy eyes, and sore throat.
This unpleasant allergy is also called hay fever or, if you want to give it the scientific name, allergic rhinitis. This condition is pretty widespread, as it affects 50 million people only in the United States. When spring starts showing its face, trees are in bloom and there is pollen everywhere.
Pollen, the top allergen
The pollen in the air and the smell of flowers is what makes people sneeze and have watery eyes every time when they come into contact with it. This might not sound like a severe allergy, but it keeps them from being productive. There are reports which say that around 55 percent of employees take sick days because of spring allergies.
As mentioned earlier, the top allergen in the case of spring allergies is pollen. Dust is also quite a popular allergen, followed closely by mold and pet hair. These are all causes of rhinitis, with symptoms varying from running nose, sneezing, to itchy and watery eyes.
However, these allergens are not dangerous. They do not have the potential to cause acute complications. Experts explain that the immune system is to blame for these spring allergies. The allergic people have a weaker immune system, but they are in no danger.
Allergies, a reaction of the immune system
These allergens are seen as intruders into our bodies, so the white blood cells have to fight against them and protect us. They release histamine, which cause the dilatation of the blood vessels. The effect of this dilatation is the fact that you start sneezing, your eyes become red and watery, and you might experience some congestion of the sinuses.
However, such allergies might start having a bigger incidence, as global warming causes spring to come faster that we would expect it to. There might not be much to do, but there are some ways in which you can protect yourself from spring allergies.
When inside, it is better to keep the windows closed. Thus, pollen will not get into your home. Also, you can turn on the air conditioning and thus you can make sure that the pollen stays out. If you can avoid going out when it is windy, do so, since pollen gets spread everywhere into the air and will cause you an acute sneezing outbreak.
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